Essay about Study Guide - 1920’s

1920's Study Guidebook

RISE OF NATIVISM

1 . Red Frighten

➢Eugene Debs

-Socialist head

-Imprisoned

➢Palmer Raids

-US Attorney Standard Mitchell Palmer

-Hunted down communists, socialists, and anarchists (People whom opposed any form of gov't) -Many foreigners deported

-Trampled civil legal rights

➢Mail Bombings

-Many bombs were mailed to gov't and organization leaders

-Public became fearful of The reds taking over

-Led to Palmer Raids

➢Sacco & Vanzetti

-Italian migrants and anarchists

-Arrested for robbery and murder in Braintree, MUM

-Evidence against them weak

-Judge found them guilt ridden, executed

-Many believed judge was prejudiced against foncier and foreign nationals 2 . KKK

➢Rise

-Used anti-communism to harass different groups as opposed to themselves -Fell during WWI because too few support

-Devoted to " Americanism”

-Opposed blacks, unions, Both roman Catholics, Jews, and foreigners ➢Fall

-Criminal activity

-Great Depression

a few. Immigration Serves

➢Emergency Quota Act (1921)

-Established maximum. amount of ppl coming into US via each region -Goal to slice European migrants to US

➢National Origins Act (1924)

-Amendment of EQA

-Limited immigration coming from each EUROPEAN nation to 2% of its nationals living in US in 90 -Discriminated against eastern/western EUROPEAN UNION nations who also only began coming to ALL OF US after 90 -Prohibited Japanese people

-Didn't apply to European hemisphere foreign nationals (i. at the. Mexican, Canadian) CONSERVATISM

some. Scopes " Monkey” Trial

➢Clarence Darrow

-Lawyer hired by American City Liberties Union (ACLU) to protect John Scopes ➢Charles Darwin

-Developed theory of evolution

➢William Jennings Bryan

-Fundamentalist

-Special prosecutor in case

a few. National Heroes

➢Babe Ruth

-Baseball player

-NY Yankees

-Set new home manage records

➢Charles Lindbergh

-Pilot

-First solo-nonstop flight over the Atlantic

-US idol

6th. Harding Government

➢Ohio Team

-Corrupt case of Harding

-Graft

➢Teapot Dome Scandal

-US Navy blue Secretary of Interior Albert Fall

-Used bribery to get public oil reserves transferred to Room Dpmt. -Secretly leased property and got cash

-First American to be found guilty of criminal offense while in cabinet

➢Andrew Mellon

-Very wealthy

-Secretary of Treasury

-Cut taxes and reduced national debts ☺

➢Charles Forbes

-Head of Experts Bureau (under Harding)

-Illegally sold gov't and hospital supplies to private businesses 7. Forbidance:

➢Prohibiting manufacture, sales, and transportation of alcoholic beverages ➢Temperance Activity

-Social movement urging reduce/prohibit use of alcoholics

➢Al Capone

-Famous bootlegger in Chicago

-Control in liquor organization by killing off competition

-Only received arrested pertaining to tax forestalling

➢Bootlegging

-Liquor smugglers

-Profited from Forbidance

➢Speakeasies

-Hidden night clubs exactly where alcohol was smuggled

-Spoke quietly (" easily”) to avoid detection

-Mix of middle section class persons

➢18th Modification

-Prohibition

-No law enforcement

-Established disrespect in the law and increased organized crime ➢Volstead Act

-Established Prohibition Bureau in the Treasury Department (1919) -Job was to enforce regulation, but underfunded

8. Labor Unions

➢Communist Connection

-Employers wanted to show that assemblage were arranging a revolution because they don't like hits -Labeled strikers as Communists

➢Non-Inclusive

-Most unions ruled out African Us citizens

-Farmers who migrated to cities for jobs had been used to staying independent

BREAKTHROUGH OF NEW ETHNICITIES

9. Dropped Generation

➢Ernest Hemingway

-Writer

-Criticized panegyrique of battle

-The Sun Also Rises & A Farewell to Arms

-Introduced tough, simple writing design

➢F. Scott Fitzgerald

-Used " Jazz Age” to spell out 20's

-This Side of Paradise, The Great Gatsby

-Revealed negative side of decade (gilded)

10. Harlem Renaissance

➢Louis Armstrong

-Jazz musician & composer

-Trumpet player

➢Billy Sunday

-Against alcohol

-Evils of drinking

➢Duke Ellington

-Jazz pianist and writer

-One of US's finest composers

➢...